This article will explain why bedbugs are so good at sucking human blood, how to recognize a bedbug infestation, and how to reclaim your sleep haven from these blood-sucking critters.
Bedbugs are covert operations specialists
Few creatures can match the stealth of the bedbug in extracting a human bloodmeal. Under the cover of darkness, it silently crawls from a nearby hiding place to seek its next victim. A sleeping human, warm and exhaling carbon dioxide, is the preferred fare of this flat, apple-seed-like insect. It painlessly pierces the skin with a syringe-like mouth then proceeds to engorge itself with blood. The victim feels nothing during those few minutes he or she is feasted upon. An adult female can make lots of bedbug babies after a bloodmeal, totaling 400 eggs in a lifetime. Given the right conditions, these offspring become adults in two months.
Recognizing bedbug bites
Bedbugs are fidgety feeders, and usually leave a tell-tale three welt track on the skin of the victim. Unlike flea bites, which have a characteristic spot in the center, bedbug bites look more like
mosquito bites that get larger if scratched. Unexplained bites that occur while you are asleep rule out fleas, which bite painfully. Bedbugs strike from beneath, hitting near where the person’s body contacts the bed. So bites in those areas rule out mosquitoes, which launch airborne attacks.
Other bed-bug giveaway signs
Since bedbugs are so shy, chances are you won’t actually see one unless you initiate your own covert bedbug-finding operation. Starting with the bed, remove the sheet and check the mattress seams carefully. Bedbugs like hanging out next to mattress seams, wooden bedframe joins and any dark crevice. The critters aren’t exactly toilet-trained, and will poop right where the social is. Bedbug poo are dark stains - remains of the bloodmeal. If you do find these, a full-on bug-hunt will be needed to find the six-legged critters and confirm that the infestation is active.
The good news about bedbugs…
Bedbugs don’t carry any other bugs that can make you ill. You can’t get malaria, dengue, Lyme disease or any sort of insect vector-borne sickness from a bedbug bite. Some people have allergic reactions but these are very rare. It’s also a plus point that a bedbug bite doesn’t hurt while it is doing the deed. You may also be glad to know that bedbug infestations don’t imply a lack of hygiene, such as with cockroach and ant invasions. Even the best of us can fall prey to bedbugs.
Getting rid of bedbugs
Bedbugs are notoriously difficult to get rid of. Starving them out isn’t really feasible because these fasting gurus can live a year without eating. The pesticidal baits that roaches and ants are suckers for don’t interest the bedbug at all. Sprays don’t quite reach into the nooks and crannies that bedbugs hole up in or affect the eggs. In fact, a slapdash pesticide application could backfire by causing a mass-dispersal of alarmed bedbugs fleeing for their lives. It is absolutely important to find all the places where the bedbugs are hiding and do a one-time treatment that will get them all, then follow up a few more times after that to make sure any remnant bugs or eggs that hatch out later are destroyed. There’s a lot of conjecture out there about how to kill bedbugs and some of these methods could make things worse. (Keep tuned for bedbug control fallacies in my upcoming post). Hiring a reliable pest control operator experienced in eradicating bedbugs to do the job is probably your best bet. (For more on how pest control experts contain and wipe out a bedbug infestation, keep tuned too!)
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